Ukraine (and often uttered in Ukraine ; Україна Ukrainian and uttered [ukrɑjinɑ]) is the second largest country in Eastern Europe. Bordered by the Russian Federation to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south. Ukraine is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Between 1923-1991 and signed most of the country within the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Kyiv is the capital and largest city in Ukraine.
Ukraine's modern history began with the East Slavs (en). At least, and since the ninth century, Ukraine became a center of medieval East Slavic. Owned by this State, known as the Ross Kiev (en), the force and the earth, but it disintegrated in the twelfth century. After the Great Northern War, Ukraine was divided between a number of regional powers, and by the nineteenth century, underwent a major part of Ukraine to the Russian Empire, while the remainder was under the control of the Austro-Hungarian.
After a period of chaos and constant warfare and several attempts for independence (1917-1921) after the First World War and the Russian Civil War, Ukraine emerged on 30 December 1922 as one of the founders of the Soviet Union (en). Has been expanded Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine westward shortly before and after the Second World War, and to the south in 1954 through the displacement of the Crimean peninsula. In 1945, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the members participating in the founding of the United Nations .
Ukraine got its independence once again after the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Period began the transition to a market economy, where recession has hit the Ukrainian economy for eight years.  but since then, the economy witnessed a significant increase in the growth of GDP. Affected the global economic crisis on Ukraine in 2008 and was troubled economy. The GDP fell by 20% from spring 2008 to spring 2009, then tied again, where analysts compare the size of undo years worst economic recession during the early nineties .
Ukraine is a unitary State composed of 24 oblast (provinces), and an autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities have a special status: Kiev, the capital, and Sevastopol, which includes the Russian Black Sea fleet in accordance with the lease agreement. Ukraine is a republic with a semi-presidential system with separation of powers, legislative, executive and judicial. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Ukraine has the second-largest army (en) in Europe, after Russia. Live in the country's 46 million people, 77.8% of Ukrainian origin, with large minorities of Russians, Belarusians and Romanians. Ukrainian language is the only official language in Ukraine, while Russian is used widely. The dominant religion in the Eastern Orthodox Christian country, and which greatly influenced the architecture, literature and music of Ukraine.
National Anthem: Anthem of Ukraine National
DC (And largest city) Kiev 50 ° 27'N, 30 ° 30'E Official language Ukrainian Label Ukrainian population System of government of the Republic of half a presidential President Viktor Yanukovych Prime Minister Mykola Azarov Speaker of Parliament Volodymyr Lytvyn Legislative Parliament of Ukraine Independence - The Soviet Union August 24, 1991 Space Total 603 550 km 2 (45) 233,031.958 square miles Proportion of water (%) 1.1 Population - Expected in 2009 46,011,300 (27) - 2010 census 45,415,596 (27) - Population density 77 / km 2 (115) 199 / sq mi GDP estimate in 2008 (Purchasing power parity) - Total $ 337.268 billion - Per capita $ 7.342 GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate - Total $ 179.604 billion - Per capita $ 3.910 Gini coefficient (2006) 31 (average) Human Development Index (2010) 0.710 ▲ (high) (69) HRV Ukrainian currency (UAH) Time zone (UTC +2) - Summer (DST) (UTC +3) Right-hand driving Internet icon. Ua International dialing code 380 + Modified