|Raised the Cairo and Giza|
Cairo is rich in ancient Pharaonic effects and the effects of different types of medieval .. and the most important of the seven wonders of the world at all .. The Great Pyramid of Giza and the most important characteristic of Cairo, it was the capital of Egypt in the Middle Ages and can review the implications of the Cairo and Giza as follows:The Great Pyramid and SphinxThe pyramids of GizaAnd include the three pyramids and the Sphinx and the boats and the Temple of the Sun Sphinx.The Great Pyramid: Pyramid of King KhufuOne of the Seven Wonders, was built in 2650 BC. M, almost Iaatabrazem stone building in the world, attributed to the king (Cheops) of the Fourth Dynasty, was built by engineer (Ham Ono), base of the pyramid is square length of each side in the originally 230 meters and a height of originally 146 meters, and is now 137 meters, construction 5.51 degree angle, the pyramid was built in air pressure, the number of stones used in construction around 2300000 block of stone, weighing an average of 5.2 tons.Pyramid of CheopsAnd is the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, took power after the death of his father (Bent), the full name (Khnam scared me) any (god Khnum, who protect me), it is believed that scientists originally from the village (Beni Hassan) (banned Cheops) (ie, nursing Cheops), Little is known about the important events in his reign, but that he had sent missions to the valley of the cave, where he found his name and image represents a airs on a person's head pin killer; so as to bring turquoise, with a single statue was found in (Abydos) of ivory, carved his name on throne, and the length of the statue five centimeters, and is now in the Egyptian Museum rule according to Papyrus (Turin) is about twenty-three years, and is credited with the Great Pyramid of Giza Pyramids, the largest stone building in the world and was named the (sister Cheops) is the horizon of Khufu.Pyramid II: the pyramid of King KhafreBuilt by King Khafre pyramid south-west of his father Khufu. And, is still part of Xah in the top until now, has a height of 143.5 meters and the length of each side of 215.5 meters, and the inclination angle 53.10, located at ground level, leading to the entrance corridor downtrend, the roof of the granite and the angle of descent 22, ends at the barricade to enter the corridor to the horizontal, and then ramp leads to the compartment called the wrong compartment burial empty carved in the rock, and continue to barricade the corridor find another rise to the top horizontal corridor ends burial chamber, and this room roof Jamalone constructed with limestone , almost the middle of the pyramid, the pyramid of Khafre was the name of the (great)., Khafre, is the fourth King in the fourth family he married Princess (berths Ankh) third recall of Maniton been sentenced twenty-six years is attributed to the second pyramid of Giza, which is lower than the pyramid (Cheops), the height in the original one hundred and forty-three meters and a half, and is now one hundred and six and thirty meters and a half, was built on an area of two hundred and fifteen Mitramerbea and a half square meter, and the pyramid has two entrances on the north side, and still the pyramid retains part of Xah at the top, found in Temple Valley Special leverage hierarchical statues of stone, schist, including a statue of a beautiful sculpture produced in Egypt.The third pyramid: Pyramid of MenkaureMenkarua built by King Khafre, son of the king. , The length of each side of the ribs 5108 meters and a height in the original 5.66 m and the inclination angle 51 degrees, while the entrance on the north side brings about four meters above ground level, and leads to a corridor Falling 31 meters in length, and angle of descent is simple, the roof of the granite and then then find corridors lined with stones and lead to a horizontal corridor three barricades, and then get to the burial chamber, and found the wooden coffin with his name and has reserved the British Museum mummy was (Menkaure) on the pyramid name (Bible).SphinxSphinxThe King Khafre carve the colossal statue of "Sphinx" in the body of a lion and a man stationed near Al-Ahram since about 4500 in most of the time buried up to his neck in the sand, woven by the vicissitudes of time. Since its discovery in modern times turned Sphinx prey to the wind and water rights because the limestone carved statue of eroded by groundwater and the sandy wind. The impact Pharaonic subject with a length of 48 meters to several restoration operations.Solar Boats: Composite KhufuImage side of the boat the sun (Cheops)In addition to Al-Ahram There is a museum sun boats, which were found hidden beside the pyramids. On one side Hfrtin pyramid (Cheops) is made of cedar wood exogenous from the mountains of Lebanon, and was disassembled and placed very carefully, also found ropes, oars of their own, along the compound (5.43 meters), and a maximum width (9.5 meters), and depth (87.1 meters), and high forefront of a pack Brady (6 meters), and high tail (7 meters) and the composite consists of 1224 pieces of wooden longest (23 m), and the smallest (10 cm ), and the boat is limited mainly divided into two rooms: a small room in the trend, and a room large area (7 meters) surrounding the cabin 36 column in the wedge-shaped tent, but it is limited master very small fall in the prow, and the composite 10 oars 5 on each side, and probably has developed this compound to be at the disposal of the king in the afterlife.The effects of Saqqara and DahshurPyramid of SaqqaraHeld the first stone structure in the world is on the Saqqara pyramid built by King Zoser in 2816 BC and the pyramids of Saqqara, which include the pyramids of kings Tte. Unas. And Userkaf graves of Mary and Rocca. Kakjti. Ptah Hotep. T. Ne Ankh Khnum. Khnum Hotep. Nefer. Ptah Nefer haram. Aero Roca Ptah. Qar. Petah pyramid. Miho. Ankh Mahor. Navarre Hesm Ra and the tomb of sensory Add to Group Pyramids Abu Sir, Dahshur is also one of the most important archeological sites in Egypt, which includes the most important archaeological treasures, where he found out more than archaeological discovery of gold in the pyramids and cemeteries, and most important of these pyramids, Bent Pyramid, known as the Pyramid yellow pyramid curve Senvero King, the Black Pyramid of King Amenemhat III, and the pyramid of King Senusret III has begun in this region to receive the World Tourism after preparing for it.Archaeological zones in Cairo:Including the dam area of AtonementAnd is located in the Valley Mararey South Helwan.And civil en, One of the most important archeological sites and ancient Egyptian known as Ain Shams or Helio Polis is one of the oldest capitals of the ancient world and the most important archaeological ruins of King Senusret I Obelisk Obelisk rain which only effect the rest of the features of this city.